Merits: following are the merits of mcgregor's approach to explaining human behaviour: (i) theory 'x' and theory 'y' are a good guide to management, to not only developing motivational techniques but also attuning entire managerial systems around these assumptions about human behaviour (ii) mcgregor's assumptions. The theoretical framework introduces the concept employee engagement through kahn 1990's employee engagement model and maslow's hierarchy of needs advantages and disadvantages evaluate the importance of employee engagement for smaller businesses (sme's) in addition, gallup's three types of employees. Mcgregor's theory presents a contrasting explanation of human behavior in the workplace which is identified as x and y theory theory x assumes that, in general, people are lazy and will avoid work whenever possible theory y states that people are creative and enjoy working theory x assumes that once a need is. He examined individuals' behaviour at work from this he formulated two models of management, theory x and theory y theory x assumes that people are lazy and it is used to show percentages or proportions visual communication advantages easy to understand shows trends and comparisons disadvantages. Scientific management theory is considered as one of the best and beginning exertions where science was connected to administration and engineering process. The classical organizational approach that mcgregor associated with theory x does work well in some situations, although, as mcgregor himself pointed out, there are also some situations where it does not work effectively at the same time, the approach based on theory y, while it has produced good results in some. The theory x and theory y management styles were introduced by douglas mcgregor in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise he identified two distinct approaches to management and labeled them as a way to note the pros and cons of each method theory x is a more traditional, autocratic style while, theory. Traditional management, often compared to douglas mcgregor's theory x style outlined in his 1960s book, the human side of enterprise, was the prominent it involves a much more authoritative and directive form of leadership, whereas the more popular 21st-century theory y-coaching style is more about employee.
Theory x and theory y were developed in the 1960's and describe two different, almost opposite, attitudes to motivation in the workplace theory y assumes that team members may be ambitious and self-motivated, and that they actually derive some satisfaction (either mental or physical) from performing their duties. Drucker noted that management professor douglas mcgregor (1906-1964) had been especially influential in the debate by formulating what mcgregor called “ theory x” and “theory y” theory x “assumes that people are lazy, dislike and shun work, have to be driven and need both carrot and stick and. Human relations school of management, devised his theory x and theory y this can be viewed as a cynical way of thinking theory x talks about how ( advantages and disadvantages of diversity in workplace, nd) the strengths and weaknesses of each employee that works in a diverse workplace result from their.
Douglas mcgregor's theory x & theory y - employee motivation, article posted by gaurav akrani on kalyan city life blog here, theory x and theory y are two sets of assumptions about the nature of employees he avoids accepting responsibility and prefers to be led or directed by some other. In the 1960s douglas mcgregor a social psychologist of mit developed two management theories theory x and theory y find more on employees motivation some employees may view their job as a burden, and they simply work to survive how to motivate the employee of an organization. Douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y in his 1960 management book, the human side of enterprise, douglas mcgregor made his mark on the history of organizational management when he proposed the two motivational theories by which managers perceive employee motivation he referred to these opposing.
Theory x explains the importance of heightened supervision, external rewards, and penalties, while theory y highlights the motivating role of job satisfaction and encourages workers to approach tasks without direct supervision management use of theory x and theory y can affect employee motivation and productivity in. Theory x, theory y and theory z in organizational behaviour (ob) are related to human theory x and y were coined by douglas mcgregor in the late 1960s (2) certain rewards may not work may not work some times (3) sustaining efficiency is not exclusively determined by rewards disadvantages.
Theory x (essentially 'scientific' mgt) theory y lazy like working avoid responsibility accept/seek responsibility therefore need control/ advantages identifies two main types of individual for managers to consider how to motivate disadvantages only presents two. The theory x and y leadership model was developed 50 years ago and has been validated by modern research this article examines the pros and cons of these two competing leadership philosophies contrasted with theory x, theory y is a more dignified and enlightened management style to find. Advantages: “in some ways, maslow's ideas were brilliant, and later research and theory has supported them (to some degree) for example, maslow was rebelling against the traditional behaviorist assumption that there were only a few primary motive.
This practice allows a company to cover up shortcomings and ultimately, unfairly, to pin the tails on the wrong donkeys mcgregor, via his theory x and theory y core assumptions, helps us to clearly see today that many managers harbour these very negative assumptions despite mcgregor's presentation of a new option in. Douglas macgregor defined theory x and theory y, which are differing assumptions about human behavior in the workplace theory x asserts that people dislike work and require discipline and control to be coerced into working managers who follow this theory are autocratic in style and enforce rigid working procedures. Theory x, theory y and theory z in organizational behaviour (ob) are related to human motivation and management theory x and y in this paper, some of the existing theories of organizational behaviour are examined, and basic postulates and detailed organizational model for theory a is depicted. Definition of theory x and theory y: theory x and theory y was an idea started by douglas mcgregor in the year 1960 it was first published in his book 'the human side of enterprise' both theories centre around the management styles in a working environment theory x applies to individuals whom are reluctant to work.